Gravitational Lensing in Specific Spacetimes  

Black Holes > s.a. observational cosmology; gravitational-wave propagation; tests of general relativity with light.
@ Schwarzschild black holes: Ohanian AJP(87)may; Virbhadra & Ellis PRD(00)ap/99; Frittelli et al PRD(00)gq; Kanti Dey a1208 [strong lensing].
@ Spinning black holes: Aazami et al JMP(11)-a1102, JMP(11)-a1102 [Kerr]; Kraniotis GRG(14)-a1401 [Kerr-Newman-(A)dS]; James et al CQG(15)-a1502 [and the movie Interstellar].
@ Schwarzschild-de Sitter black holes: Lake PRD(02)gq/01, a0711; Ishak et al MNRAS(10)-a0810; Schücker GRG(09); Khriplovich & Pomeransky IJMPD(08); Ishak & Rindler GRG(10)-a1006; Biressa & de Freitas Pacheco GRG(11)-a1105; Lim & Wang PRD(17)-a1609 [exact solution].
@ Other black holes: Jackson PRD(01)gq [no hiding, and holography]; Eiroa et al PRD(02)gq [Reissner-Nordström]; Vázquez & Esteban NCB(04)gq/03 [Kerr]; Whisker PRD(05)ap/04 [brane world]; Eiroa PRD(06) [Einstein-Born-Infeld]; Konoplya PLB(07) [magnetized]; Sereno PRD(08), PRL(09), Bozza PRD(08)-a0806 [caustics], GRG(10)-a0911 [rev]; Virbhadra PRD(09)-a0810 [and black-hole masses]; Bin-Nun PRD(10)-a1004 [by Sgr A*, as a probe of modified gravity]; Einoa & Sendra CQG(11)-a1011 [regular Bardeen black hole]; Tsukamoto et al PRD(14)-a1402 [higher-dimensional, Tangherlini spacetime]; Patil et al PRD-a1610 [binary black holes].
@ Other specific objects: Bozza & Mancini ApJ(04) [the star S2].
@ Other cosmological-constant spacetime: Park PRD(08)-a0804.

Other Isolated Objects
@ Wormholes: Eiroa et al MPLA(01)gq, Torres et al MPLA(01)gq [chromaticity]; Safonova et al PRD(02)gq/01; Shatskiy AR(04)ap; Tejeiro & Larrañaga gq/05; Nandi et al PRD(06)gq; Kanti Dey & Sen MPLA(08)-a0806; Kuhfittig EPJC(13)-a1311 [in the galactic halo]; > s.a. wormholes.
@ Naked singularities: Virbhadra & Ellis PRD(02); Sahu et al PRD(12) [vs black holes]; DeAndrea & Alexander PRD(14) [negative time delay].
@ Other: Palle APS(05)ap [quadrupole potentials]; Amore et al PRD(07) [compact objects]; de Swardt et al a1002 [spherically symmetric, 1+1+2-covariant]; Chen & Jing PRD(12) [rotating non-Kerr compact object]; Di Stefano & Esin a1412/ApJ [multiple-mass systems, effect on light curves]; Shimanovskaya et al a1502 [quasar, time delay]; > s.a. types of singularities.

Other Types of Spacetimes or Waves
@ Cosmic strings: de Laix PRD(97), et al PRL(97); Bernardeau & Uzan PRD(01)ap/00, ap/00-proc; Shlaer & Tye PRD(05) [and instability of closed timelike curves]; Agol et al PRD(06) [HST candidate excluded]; Gasparini et al MNRAS(08)-a0710; > s.a. microlensing; tests of general relativity with light [light deflection with conical defects].
@ Gravitational waves: Mollerach PRD(98)ap/97; Faraoni IJMPD(98), & Gunzig A&A(98)ap [in scalar-tensor gravity theories]; Bisnovatyi-Kogan & Tsupko G&C(08)-a0809; > s.a. radio astronomy.
@ Cosmological models: Wambsganss et al ap/96/ApJ; Kaiser ApJ(98)ap/96; Ghassemi et al PRD(09), Goto & Kodama a1002-conf [Lemaître-Tolman-Bondi]; Parsi Mood et al PRD(13); Melia et al AJ(15)-a1410; He & Zhang a1701 [dark energy as concave lens]; > s.a. cosmological parameters.
@ Of the cmb: Zaldarriaga PRD(00)ap/99 [non-Gaussian aspects]; Jenkins et al PLB(14) [Feynman-diagram approach]; Calabrese et al JCAP(15)-a1409 [multiple]; Hassani et al JCAP(16)-a1511.
@ Inhomogeneous, cumulative: Holz & Wald PRD(98)ap/97, Wald gq/98-proc [statistical distribution]; Bergström et al A&A-ap/99; Claudel PRS(00)gq [including swiss cheese]; Jain et al PRD(02)ap [brane world]; Schücker a1006 [Einstein-Straus model]; Chen et al PRD(10)-a1006 [swiss cheese, time delay]; > s.a. relativistic cosmology [local models].
@ Phenomenology: Safonova et al MPLA(01)ap [effects of violations of energy conditions]; Bolejko et al PRL(13) [lensing by voids and brightening of the background]; Hezaveh ApJL(14)-a1408 [measuring black hole masses at high redshifts]; Jee et al JCAP-a1410 [measuring angular-diameter distances]; > s.a. galaxy distribution [lensing by galaxy clusters]; Doppler Lensing.


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