Abbreviations used in References | |
Book: | For books, only the 2-digit publication year nn is given; The full four-digit year is written if it is earlier than 1900. If the level of the book is specified, I = general readership; II = undergraduate level; III = graduate/research level. |
Article in a collection: |
The generic abbreviation is "-in" [if I do not know the specific reference to the collection] or "in(nn)" , where nn is the publication year [if I do]. In specific types of collections of articles "in" in replaced by "proc" (conference proceedings), "conf" (contribution to conference, possibly without proceedings), "fs" (Festschrift), "ch" (chapter in a book). |
Journal paper: | XXX(nn), where XXX is an abbreviation for the journal name, and nn the publication year (four digits are used only for papers published before 1900). |
arXiv paper: [from March 2007 the format is just aYYMM] |
xx/nn, where xx is an abbreviation for
the arXiv name, for example ap = astro-ph, cd = chao-dyn, cm = cond-mat, gq = gr-qc, hl = hep-lat, hp = hep-ph, ht = hep-th, he or hx = hep-ex, mp = math-phy, nl = nlin, phy = physics, qp = quant-ph; and nn the year the paper appeared. When published, XXX(nn)xx/mm or in(nn)xx/mm (mm omitted if = nn) |
Other abbreviations: |
...-GRF = Gravity Research Foundation
paper. ...-in = paper written for a collection, e.g., proceedings; ...-ln = paper from lecture notes; ...-rp = report; ...-wd = withdrawn paper. |
Abbreviations for
Common Words and Expressions (most instances have been expanded out, and most abbreviations are being phased out) |
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1-letter abbreviations for physical quantities: | |||
B | magnetic field | m | mass |
E | electric field, or energy | p | momentum, proton |
e | electron (or unit of electric charge) | S | action, or entropy |
F | force, or gauge field strength | t | time |
L | angular momentum | T | temperature |
2-letter abbreviations: | |||
bc | boundary condition | nc | non-commutative |
bh | black hole | ns | neutron star |
cc | cosmological constant | pi | path integral |
cr | commutation relation | PN | Post-Newtonian |
CS | Chern-Simons (function/theory) | ps | phase space |
cy | century | qc | quantum cosmology |
dg | differential geometry | qg | quantum gravity |
dS | de Sitter space | qm | quantum mechanics |
ep | equivalence principle | sd | self-dual |
ev | expectation value | sn | supernova |
ft | field theory | up | uncertainty principle |
gt | gauge theory | vf | vector field |
id | identity | wf | wave function |
ir | infrared | wh | wormhole |
KG | Klein-Gordon (equation/theory) | YM | Yang-Mills (fields/theory) |
3-letter abbreviations: | |||
AdS | Anti-de Sitter space | lin | linear |
cft | conformal field theory | lqc | loop quantum cosmology |
cyl | cylinder, cylindrical | lqg | loop quantum gravity |
dof | degree of freedom | rep | representation |
gup | generalized uncertainty principle | rev | review |
Lag | Lagrangian | vev | vacuum expectation value |
Abbreviations: Symbols | |
* | Indicates a generic comment. |
$ | Indicates a definition. |
@ | Indicates references. |
& | Indicates people who have worked on a subject, but with no specific reference. |
> | Indicates links to other pages. |
main page
– abbreviations – journals
– comments – other sites
– acknowledgements
send feedback and suggestions to bombelli at olemiss.edu – modified 10 jan 2014