3-Dimensional Black Holes  

BTZ Solution > s.a. black-hole perturbations; Topologically Massive Gravity.
* Idea: The solution by Bañados, Teitelboim and Zanelli is asymptotically AdS and has no curvature singularity at the origin, but has horizons and thermodynamics, and appears as a result of collapse.
@ General references: Bañados et al PRL(92)ht, NPB(99)ht/98 [statistical mechanics]; Kim PRD(99)gq/98 [and rotating black hole]; Bañados AIP(99)ht, AIP(99)ht [rev]; García ht/99 [generalized]; Birmingham et al IJMPD(01)ht [rev]; Bieliavsky et al PLB(03)ht [rotating]; Detournay PhD(06)ht [deformations]; Yang ht/06 [geometry and scalar field Green function]; Åminneborg & Bengtsson CQG(08)-a0801 [cleaner definition]; Willison JMP(11)-a1011 [as an algebraic embedding]; DasGupta et al PRD(12)-a1202 [timelike geodesic congruences]; Mitchell CQG(15)-a1506, CQG(16)-a1510 [degrees of freedom].
@ Charges, algebra: Fatibene et al PRD(99)gq, PRD(99)gq [conserved quantities]; Afshar et al a1607 [near-horizon "soft hair"].
@ Entropy and area: Bañados & Gomberoff PRD(97)gq/96; Carlip CQG(98)ht; Suneeta et al MPLA(99) [from Ponzano-Regge]; Govindarajan et al CQG(01) [log correction]; Vagenas PLB(02) [semiclassical correction]; Troost & Tsuchiya JHEP(03)ht; Myung PLB(04) [log corrections]; Zhao & Zhang PLB(06)gq; García-Islas CQG(08)-a0804 [spin-foam description]; Larrañaga BulgJP(11)-a1002 [entanglement entropy]; Myung PLB(10)-a1003 [slowly-rotating, area spectrum]; Yang IJTP(11); Farahani et al IJTP(12) [corrected entropy]; Frodden et al JHEP(13)-a1212, García-Islas GRG(14)-a1303, Wang a1401 [in lqg]; > s.a. entropy bound [Cardy-Verlinde formula].
@ Radiation: Setare EPJC(07)ht/06; Jiang et al PLB(07)ht.
@ Other thermal: Cruz & Lepe PLB(04) [limitations]; Åman et al AIP(09)-a0901; Frassino et al PRD(15)-a1509 [and black-hole chemistry].
@ Thermodynamic geometry on state space: Sarkar et al JHEP(06); Medved MPLA(08)-a0801; Akbar et al PRD(11); Han & Chen PLB(12)-a1207 [geometrothermodynamics].
@ Related topics: Cai et al PRD(97) [critical behavior]; Solodukhin PRD(05)ht [restoring unitarity]; Park PRD(08)-ht/06 [with higher derivatives]; Gentile et al NPB(13)-a1209 [fermionic wig]; > s.a. non-commutative gravity; quantum-gravity phenomenology [singularity]; solutions of gauge theories; Superradiance.

Other Black Holes and Related Topics > s.a. 3D gravity; 3D quantum gravity / black holes.
@ General references: Carlip CQG(95) [rev]; Steif PRD(96) [supersymmetric]; Bose et al PLB(00)ht/99; Ida PRL(00)gq [no-black-hole theorem]; Zanchin et al PRD(02)gq [from 4D]; Clément PRD(03)gq [m and L].
@ Special types of solutions: Gott et al GRG(86) [charged]; Brill PRD(96) [multi-black-hole]; Bañados PRD(99)ht [Euclidean, twisted]; Vacaru et al in(06)gq/01, in(06)gq/01 [anisotropic]; Bañados & Theisen PRD(05)ht [scale-invariant, hairy]; Hendi JHEP(12)-a1405 [asymptotic charged BTZ black hole]; Mazharimousavi et al PLA(12) [charged, regular]; Li & Lucietti PLB(14)-a1312 [with Λ < 0 and a single Killing field]; Eskin & Hall InvPr(16)-a1402 [with non-smooth horizon, and model for acoustic black holes]; Donnelly et al CQG(16)-a1510 [with combed "hair", gravitational flux]; Koch et al a1606 [scale-dependent black hole].
@ Statistical mechanics: Carlip PRD(95)gq/94, PRD(97) [Euclidean]; Maloney a1508 [geometric microstates and entropy].
@ Entropy, thermodynamics: Carlip & Teitelboim PRD(95)gq/94; Krasnov CQG(03)gq; Park PLB(04) [S, with scalar].
@ Collapse, self-similarity: Husain PRD(95)gq [null fluid]; Peleg & Steif PRD(95)gq/94 [dust]; Garfinkle PRD(01)gq/00 [scalar + cosmological constant, exact]; Clément & Fabbri CQG(01)gq, NPB(02)gq/01, G&CS-gq/01-conf [AdS + scalar]; Oliveira-Neto gq/01 [scalar]; Hirschmann et al CQG(04)gq/02 [scalar]; Olea MPLA(05)ht/04 [rotating, charged].
@ Quantum: Bañados AIP(99)ht, AIP(99)ht [Chern-Simons theory approach]; Birmingham et al CQG(03)gq [and quasi-normal modes]; Ram & Shirley gq/06; Christodoulakis et al PRD(14)-a1405 [BTZ black hole, canonical quantization].
> Related topics: see black-hole formation and perturbations; collapse; horizons; Scalar Theory.

Other Theories > s.a. 3D massive gravity; born-infeld gravity.
@ With dilaton: Sá & Lemos PLB(98); Fernando PLB(99)gq [rotating, naked singularities].
@ AdS black hole: Åminneborg et al CQG(98)gq/97; Bañados PRD(98)gq/97, gq/97-MG8; Matschull CQG(99)gq/98 [creation]; Brill gq/99-proc, AdP(00)gq/99-conf.
@ Other matter: Cataldo & García PRD(00)ht [non-linear electric field]; Andrade et al PRL(05)ht [topologically massive electromagnetism]; Cárdenas et al PRD(14)-a1408 [conformally coupled scalar and gauge fields].
@ With torsion: de Berredo-Peixoto CQG(03)gq/02 [scalar and torsion]; Blagojević & Cvetković CQG(06)gq, CQG(07)gq/06 [entropy]; Blagojević et al PRD(13)-a1310.
@ Higher-derivative gravity: Detournay PRL(12)-a1304 [properties of inner horizons]; Hendi et al IJMPD(14)-a1408 [Einstein gravity vs f(R) gravity].
@ With higher-spin fields: Gutperle & Kraus JHEP(11)-a1103, Ammon et al JPA(13)-a1208 [higher-spin gravity]; Pérez et al JHEP(13)-a1301, LNP-a1402 [spin-3 field]; Bunster et al JHEP(14)-a1404; Cabo-Bizet et al JHEP(14)-a1407 [and quasinormal modes].
@ Other theories: Carlip et al PRD(95) [topological gravity]; González et al ASS(15)-a1411 [teleparallel gravity]; > s.a. hořava gravity.

main pageabbreviationsjournalscommentsother sitesacknowledgements
send feedback and suggestions to bombelli at olemiss.edu – modified 6 mar 2017