History of Special Relativity |

**In General** > s.a. special
relativity / Michelson-Morley Experiment.

* __Precursors__: 1887, W Voigt
published a paper in which he demanded form invariance of the wave equation in
inertial frames (invariance of the speed of light and relativity principle) and
obtained a set of spacetime transformations including *t'* = *t*
– *vx*/*c*^{2}; This marked
the birth of physical symmetries in field theories.

* __Ether and the Michelson-Morley experiment__:
Despite what is now said, it appears that the conclusions of the Michelson-Morley experiment
were not immediately clear and generally accepted; As late as the 1930s a review of the
phenomena stated that the existence of the ether was a fact [< Harry Collins].

@ __General references__: Holton Isis(69);
Tonnelat 71;
Miller 81;
Feuer 82;
Darrigol HSPS(96);
Staley Isis(98) [Germany, 1905–1911];
Logunov phy/04-book;
Jammer FP(04);
Will gq/05-proc [semi-pedagogical],
AdP(05)gq [and tests];
Yuan phy/05 [and development of physics];
Ferraro in(07)-a0705;
Field a0811 [re Langevin's 1911 paper; ?];
Ferraro a1302-ch;
Wazeck 14 [1920s opposition];
Heras a1407,
a1411 [Voigt's 1887 paper].

@ __Specific topics__: Bonizzoni & Giuliani phy/00 [time dilation];
Galison 03 [and clocks];
Provost a1211 [relativistic dynamics and the energy-momentum tensor, 1900-1912];
Carvalho Martins a1309 [and the nature of light].

> __Related topics__: see Ether;
Lorentz-FitzGerald Contraction; mass
[*E* = *mc*^{2}].

**Specific Contributions**

@ __Poincaré__: Granek SHPMP(00);
Reignier phy/00,
Giulini in(05)phy [and Lorentz, Einstein];
Damour ht/05-conf;
Cerf AJP(06)sep
[what was missing]; Bracco & Provost a1001 [the
electron and the 1905 Palermo Memoir]; Adlam a1112 [philosophical ideas underlying the approaches by Poincaré and Einstein]; Weinstein a1204; Messager et al CP(12); Bracco a1211 [role of quanta in Poincaré's and Einstein's ideas].

@ __Einstein__: Kennedy SHPMP(05)
[1905 paper]; Brown EJP(05)
[1905 misgivings]; Martínez 09 [spacetime, kinematics]; Weinstein a1204; Weinstein a1204 [Einstein and the Fizeau 1851 water tube experiment]; Weinstein a1204 [Mileva Marić's contributions]; Weinstein a1210 [Max Born, Albert Einstein and Hermann Minkowski's spacetime formalism]; Weinstein a1307 [Einstein's 1905 paper];
Bracco a1412 [Einstein and Milano, Besso, 1899-1901];
Engelhardt PE(16)-a1506 [Einstein's demonstration of time dilation].

@ __Minkowski__: Bertolami a0804-in;
Damour AdP(08)-a0807-in [analysis of "Raum und Zeit" lecture];
Goenner a0811 [and Finsler geometry].

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